The population of the city of Madrid on 1 January 2023 increased by 1.6% to 3,339,931 registered inhabitants. Of these, 46.7% are men and 53.3% women, 1,559,866 and 1,780,065, respectively, while 82.9% of the population is Spanish and 17.1% foreign.
These figures were given at a press conference by the municipal government spokesperson, Inmaculada Sanz, following the update of the Municipal Register.
In this way, the resident population increased by 53,269 people in 2022, compared to the loss of almost 50,000 inhabitants in the total of the last two years, thus recovering the positive trend of the 2015-2019 period.
In relation to the place of birth of residents in Madrid, almost 75% were born in Spain (2,461,461 people), compared to a quarter who were born abroad (878,470 people).
Inhabitants of Spanish nationality remain stable, while foreigners account for almost the entire population increase of the city of Madrid (53,196 inhabitants), continuing the upward trend that began in 2016 and was interrupted by the pandemic.
The population increase in 2023 was exclusively a consequence of the external migratory balance, maintaining, as in previous years, negative balances in vegetative growth, internal migratory movements and the result of census management (registrations by omission as opposed to de-registrations due to improper registration and expiry of non-EU foreigners).
24,129 births in 2022, 6,000 fewer than a decade ago
The capital recorded a total of 24,129 births in 2022, which translates into nearly 6,000 fewer births than ten years ago. Deaths (27,980 in 2022) are close to pre-coronavirus pandemic levels, with 10,270 fewer deaths than in 2020.
In this way, the capital city will record a negative natural death rate of 3,851 people, compared with 2,503 in 2021. In addition, during 2022, more than 104,000 people moved from Madrid to other Spanish municipalities, while more than 94,000 people arrived in the capital from other municipalities, representing a loss of population due to the difference between arrivals and departures of 10,065 people.
Until 2018, as a result of these internal movements, the city of Madrid managed to increase its resident population, with a significant increase in its negative character in 2020 and 2021 and a reduction in the loss in 2022.